As a staple food item in Ghana, rice is cultivated across all agroecological zones in the area. As such, the paddy rice output increasingly rose at 10% per annum from 2008 to 2019. These factors have culminated in our decision to prioritize and strive towards boosting the production of the country’s staple food item – rice. The goal is to substitute rice imports and produce high-quality grains for Ghanaian consumers. This has been concurred by other key national stakeholders such as the National Rice Development Strategy in 2009 and the Planting for Food and Jobs (PFJ) in 2017 (MoFA, 2017a).
Maize (Zea mays L.) cultivation in Ghana has been ongoing for centuries. After its introduction in the late 16th century, it got established as an essential staple crop in the southern part of Ghana. Maize is the most widely produced and consumed cereal crop in Ghana and maize production has seen increasing trend since 1965 (Morris et al., 1999; FAO, 2008). The per capital consumption of maize in Ghana in 2000 was estimated at 42.5 kg (MoFA, 2000) and an estimated national consumption of 943000 Mt in 2006 (SRID-MoFA, 2007). One million metric tons of maize is reported to be marketed annually in Ghana. A very large quantity of maize grains produced remains within households of producers as a primary staple food (Gage et al., 2012).
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